Trees have many economic, environmental and social benefits. They improve our lives and the places we live. Here are some reasons to plant and care for trees.

Economic Benefits

  • Planting shade trees on the south and west faces of your house can reduce winter heating bills by up to 15% and summer cooling bills by up to 50%.
  • Studies have shown that well-treed businesses project a warm, welcoming and inviting atmosphere for shoppers who tend to linger and spend more time shopping, resulting in some cases in a business increase of up to 11%.
  • Fruit trees provide delicious and free supplemental nutrition for the entire neighborhood.
  • A well-landscaped, tree-lined yard can raise the property value of a home by 5 to 15%, increasing neighborhood desirability and speeding up sales.

Environmental Benefits

  • Through photosynthesis, trees absorb carbon dioxide and emit oxygen. The average tree can clean up to 48 pounds of carbon dioxide annually.
  • Trees reduce the need for heating and cooling, thus decreasing the need for more power plants in the future.
  • During a storm, the canopy and root systems of trees act as both a sponge and a filter, cleaning the water as it seeps into the water table and reducing stormwater runoff.
  • Forested areas are far less prone to flooding and soil erosion.
  • Trees provide a habitat and refuge for urban wildlife, as well as wildlife that may have otherwise been displaced by development.
  • All of the above benefits are important factors in reversing the effects of major environmental crises such as global warming, species loss, and drought.

Social Benefits

  • Studies show that neighborhoods with significant greenery report fewer instances of crime and less insecurity, resulting from a greater sense of community.
  • In today’s world, we are growing increasingly insulated and isolated from our neighbors. A community tree planting is a great way for people to interact with one another, work side by side toward a common goal. Planting trees is also a great way to instill in members of the community a sense of civic pride and a stronger connection to place.
  • Closely-spaced trees along roads tend to slow traffic by giving the impression of narrow roads and speed as they zoom past your windows. They also serve as a buffer zone between streets and sidewalks, creating safer environments for joggers, pedestrians, and children at play.
  • Trees have been shown to increase levels of concentration in children as well as higher test scores.

Trees benefit human health: scientific studies confirm that trees in cities provide social and psychological benefits. Humans derive substantial pleasure from trees, whether it is inspiration from their beauty, a spiritual connection, or a sense of meaning. Views of nature reduce stress response by both body and mind. Urban green also appears to have positive effects on the human immune system.

Sources and Additional Data

Trees improve air quality: trees absorb gaseous pollutants (e.g. ozone [O3], nitrogen dioxide [NO2], and sulfur dioxide [SO2]) through leaf surfaces. Trees also intercept small particulate matter (PM10) (e.g. dust, ash, pollen, smoke). This means trees are particularly valuable along the Wasatch Front and other areas in Utah that struggle with ozone and particulate matter pollution.

Trees increase property value: well-maintained trees increase “curb appeal” of properties. Much research shows people are willing to pay 3 to 7 percent more for home properties with ample trees versus few trees. Depending on average home sales prices, the value of this benefit can contribute significantly to cities’ property taxes. Also shoppers shop more often and longer in well-landscaped business districts.

Trees increase public safety: research in public housing complexes found that outdoor spaces with trees were used significantly more often than spaces without trees. Trees facilitate interactions among residents, which can contribute to reduced levels of domestic violence, plus foster safer and more sociable neighborhood environments.

Source: Lilly, Sharon, ISA Arborists’ Certification Study Guide, 2010

Trees save energy: shade trees reduce the amount of heat absorbed by homes and buildings, thereby reducing energy demand for air conditioning. Trees also act as windbreaks during the winter, thus softening cold winds. This also helps people save on utility costs.

Trees provide wildlife habitat: parks and open greenspace can provide habitats and forage for conserving biodiversity of animals and birds. Older parks, cemeteries, and botanical centers often contain rich clusters of wildlife.

Trees lower temperatures: evapotranspiration from tree leaves turns liquid water to water vapor, thus cooling the air. This also helps reduce urban heat island effect.

Trees reduce CO2: urban forests can reduce atmospheric CO2 in two ways: Trees directly sequester CO2 in their stems and leaves while they grow. Trees near buildings can also reduce the demand for heating and air conditioning, thus reducing emissions associated with power production.

Trees reduce runoff and erosion: tree canopies reduce soil erosion by diminishing the impact of raindrops on barren surfaces. Tree roots speed up the rate at which rainfall infiltrates soil and the capacity for soil to store water.

Trees filter water toxins: tree roots can absorb and filter out toxins in urban water runoff (e.g. hazardous chemicals, pesticides, car oil, etc.). In the Salt Lake Valley trees reduce the amount of water toxins flowing into the Jordan River, into the Great Salt Lake, and ultimately our own mountain watersheds. Some trees, such as poplars and willows that are common in Utah, are also ideal for phytoremediation – the use of plants for cleaning up contaminated soils.

Trees reduce urban noise: studies have shown that the performance of urban noise barriers is increased when used in combination with vegetative screens.


Interior West Community Tree Guide, Benefits, Costs, and Strategic Planning. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Research Station, Albany, California. General Technical Report PSW-GTR-205.  December 2007.  Vargus, Kelaine E., McPherson, Gregory E., Simpson, James R., Peper, Paula J., Gardner, Shelley L., Xiao, Qingfu.

Lilly, Sharon. Arborists’ Certification Study Guide, International Society of Arboriculture., 2010.